Before a Hurricane To prepare for a hurricane, you should take the following measures: • Make plans to secure your property. Permanent storm shutters offer the best protection for windows. A second option is to board up windows with 5/8” marine plywood, cut to fit and ready to install. Tape does not prevent windows from breaking. • Install straps or additional clips to securely fasten your roof to the frame structure. This will reduce roof damage. • Be sure trees and shrubs around your home are well trimmed. • Clear loose and clogged rain gutters and down spouts. • Determine how and where to secure your boat. • Consider building a safe room.
During a Hurricane If a hurricane is likely in your area, you should: • Listen to the radio or TV for information. • Secure your home, close storm shutters, and secure outdoor objects or bring them indoors. • Turn off utilities if instructed to do so. Otherwise, turn the refrigerator thermostat to its coldest setting and keep its doors closed. • Turn off propane tanks.• Avoid using the phone, except for serious emergencies. • Moor your boat if time permits. • Ensure a supply of water for sanitary purposes such as cleaning and flushing toilets. Fill the bathtub and other large containers with water. You should evacuate under the following conditions: • If you are directed by local authorities to do so. Be sure to follow their instructions. • If you live in a mobile home or temporary structure—such shelters are particularly hazardous during hurricanes no matter how well fastened to the ground. • If you live in a high-rise building—hurricane winds are stronger at higher elevations. • If you live on the coast, on a floodplain, near a river, or on an inland waterway. • If you feel you are in danger.
If you are unable to evacuate, go to your safe room. If you do not have one, follow these guidelines:
• Stay indoors during the hurricane and away from windows and glass doors. • Close all interior doors—secure and brace external doors. • Keep curtains and blinds closed. Do not be fooled if there is a lull; it could be the eye of the storm - winds will pick up again. • Take refuge in a small interior room, closet, or hallway on the lowest level. • Lie on the floor under a table or another sturdy object.
Recovering from Disaster Recovering from a disaster is usually a gradual process. Safety is a primary issue, as are mental and physical well-being. If assistance is available, knowing how to access it makes the process faster and less stressful. This section offers some general advice on steps to take after disaster strikes in order to begin getting your home, your community, and your life back to normal.
Ensure your safety
Find out how to care for your safety after a disaster Your first concern after a disaster is your family’s health and safety. You need to consider possible safety issues and monitor family health and well-being.
Aiding the Injured
Check for injuries. Do not attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are in immediate danger of death or further injury. If you must move an unconscious person, first stabilize the neck and back, then call for help immediately. • If the victim is not breathing, carefully position the victim for artificial respiration, clear the airway, and commence mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. • Maintain body temperature with blankets. Be sure the victim does not become overheated. • Never try to feed liquids to an unconscious person.
• Be aware of exhaustion. Don’t try to do too much at once. Set priorities and pace yourself. Get enough rest. • Drink plenty of clean water.. Eat well.. Wear sturdy work boots and gloves. • Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and clean water often when working in debris.
• Be aware of new safety issues created by the disaster. Watch for washed out roads, contaminated buildings, contaminated water, gas leaks, broken glass, damaged electrical wiring, and slippery floors. • Inform local authorities about health and safety issues, including chemical spills, downed power lines, washed out roads, smoldering insulation, and dead animals.
Hurricane Information and preparations, before and after