|THE BASIC DISASTER & SUPPLY KIT
A Basic (The bare minimal) Disaster Supply Kit
There are six basics you should stock in your home:
How Much Water do I Need?
You should have at least a three-day supply of water and you should store at least one gallon of water
per person per day. A normally active person needs at least one-half gallon of water daily just for
Additionally, in determining adequate quantities, take the following into account:
•Individual needs vary, depending on age, physical condition, activity, diet, and climate.
•Children, nursing mothers, and ill people need more water.
•Very hot temperatures can double the amount of water needed.
•A medical emergency might require additional water.
Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food. Select foods that require no refrigeration,
preparation or cooking and little or no water. If you must heat food, pack a can of sterno. Select food
items that are compact and lightweight. Avoid foods that will make you thirsty. Choose salt-free
crackers, whole grain cereals, and canned foods with high liquid content.
*Include a selection of the following foods in your Disaster Supplies Kit:
Note: Be sure to include a manual can opener.
•Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits and vegetables
•Canned juices, milk, soup (if powdered, store extra water)
•Staples--sugar, salt, pepper
•High energy foods--peanut butter, jelly, crackers, granola bars, trail mix
•Foods for infants, elderly persons or persons with special dietary needs
•Comfort/stress foods--cookies, hard candy, sweetened cereals, lollipops, instant coffee, tea bags
•First aid supplies
Assemble a first aid kit for your home and one for each car. A first aid kit* should include:
•Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes
•2-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
•4-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)
•Hypoallergenic adhesive tape
•Triangular bandages (3)
•2-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
•3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)
•Tongue blades (2)
•Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant
•Assorted sizes of safety pins
•Latex gloves (2 pair) Sunscreen
•Aspirin or nonaspirin pain reliever
•Antacid (for stomach upset)
•Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the Poison Control Center)
•Activated charcoal (use if advised by the Poison Control Center)
Contact your local American Red Cross chapter to obtain a basic first aid manual.
•Clothing, bedding and sanitation supplies
If you live in a cold climate, you must think about warmth. It is possible that you will not have heat.
*Include at least one complete change of clothing and footwear per person.
•Jacket or coat
•Long sleeve shirt
•Sturdy shoes or work boots
•Hat, gloves and scarf
•Blankets or sleeping bags
•Soap, liquid detergent
•Personal hygiene items
•Plastic garbage bags, ties (for personal sanitation uses)
•Plastic bucket with tight lid
•Household chlorine bleach
•Mess kits, or paper cups, plates and plastic utensils
•Emergency preparedness manual
•Portable, battery-operated radio or television and extra batteries
•Flashlight and extra batteries
•Cash or traveler's checks, change
•Nonelectric can opener, utility knife
•Fire extinguisher: small canister, ABC type
•Matches in a waterproof container
•Plastic storage containers
•Shut-off wrench, to turn off household gas and water
•Map of the area (for locating shelters)
Remember family members with special needs, such as infants and elderly or disabled persons.
◦Heart and high blood pressure medication
◦Contact lenses and supplies
◦Extra eye glasses
◦Hearing aid batteries
•Important Family Documents
◦Keep these records in a waterproof, portable container.
◦Will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks and bonds
◦Photo IDs, passports, social security cards, immunization records
◦Bank account numbers
◦Credit card account numbers and companies
◦Inventory of valuable household goods, important telephone numbers
◦Family records (birth, marriage, death certificates)
◦Photocopies of credit and identification cards
•Cash and coins.
•Entertainment--games and books.
Keep the items that you would most likely need during an evacuation in an easy-to-
carry container. Possible containers include a large, covered trash container; a
camping backpack; or a duffle bag.
Where you need to store your Disaster Supplies Kit Locations
1) In your Home
•Your disaster supplies kit should contain essential food, water, and supplies for at least three days.
•Keep this kit in a designated place and have it ready in case you have to leave your home quickly.
Make sure all family members know where the kit is kept.
•Additionally, you may want to consider having supplies for sheltering for up to two weeks.
2) At your Work
•This kit should be in one container, and ready to "grab and go" in case you are evacuated from your
•Make sure you have food and water in the kit. Also, be sure to have comfortable walking shoes at
your workplace in case an evacuation requires walking long distances.
3) In Your Car
•In case you are stranded, keep a kit of emergency supplies in your car.
•This kit should contain food, water, first aid supplies, flares, jumper cables, and seasonal supplies
Your Disaster Supplies Kit Maintenance Plan:
Just as important as putting your supplies together is maintaining them so they are safe to use when
needed. Here are some tips to keep your supplies ready and in good condition:
•Keep canned foods in a dry place where the temperature is cool.
•Store boxed food in tightly closed plastic or metal containers to protect from pests and to extend its
•Throw out any canned good that becomes swollen, dented, or corroded.
•Use foods before they go bad, and replace them with fresh supplies.
•Place new items at the back of the storage area and older ones in the front.
•Change stored food and water supplies every six months. Be sure to write the date you store it on all
•Re-think your needs every year and update your kit as your family needs change.
•Keep items in airtight plastic bags and put your entire disaster supplies kit in one or two easy-to-carry
containers, such as an unused trashcan, camping backpack, or duffel bag